Design Buzz

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Drive-By ADA Lawsuits Against Nightclubs and Bars

What is an ADA drive-by lawsuit? We'll discuss why grandfathering is no longer effective for bar and nightclub owners and how to avoid frivolous lawsuits.

Does the world seem to be getting more and more out of control? It seems that life here in the U.S. gets crazier by the day. Is this a sign of desparate times or an overly-litigious society...people looking to make an easy buck? Just think about the frivolous lawsuits we read about every day; here are a few by the Huffington Post:

    • “Man Sues Parents For Lack Of Love” 
    • “Is The MET Tricking Visitors Into Paying For Admission?”

If I'd ever thought about filing the first one, my Mother would have shown my what a 'lack-of-love' is really all about Lol!! If this doesn’t resonate with you, then it’s because you either don’t watch the news or don’t live in the U.S. But wait…it doesn’t stop there. Speaking of unthinkable lawsuits, many nightclub and bar owners are constantly being attacked over ‘slip-and-fall’ accidents and just about anything imaginable. Some people, it seems, go to the local bar to pad their bank accounts; clients tell me stories like these all the time. If this weren’t bad enough, consider the latest fad: “Drive-by ADA lawsuits.” I was recetly made aware of this by a very close friend and client. When I heard this story I felt as though I had been sucker-punched; I can hardly imagine how he feels. This is Part 1 of a 2-part Design Buzz story about Drive-by ADA lawsuits.

Drive-By ADA Lawsuits and 'Frequent Fliers': What Nightclub Owners Need to Know

The term “Drive-By ADA Lawsuit" refers to people who file numerous lawsuits who merely drive-by establishment-to-establishment, from town-to-town, in search of ADA violations. Some attorneys have websites that recruit people with disabilities for the sole purpose of filing drive-by lawsuits with the potential of their clients earning $4,000 for each time they aren’t able to use something at a business because of their disability! This has given way to the so-called ‘frequent filers’ – disabled people who make significant amounts of money by filing multiple ADA claims with the help of unscrupulous lawyers. The respective business owner must pay not only the fines, but the plaintiff’s attorney’s fees (as well as their own) and all necessary building alterations.

Why Grandfathering is No Longer the Nightclub Owner's Security Blanket

If you own a nightclub or bar, you are probably familiar with the term ‘grandfathering.’ For those unfamiliar with the term, a business owner is normally ‘grandfathered’ (exempted) from compliancy with local building and zoning codes which were enacted after the subject building was constructed, provided the owner avoids pulling a subsequent building permit after the original construction. Included in this exemption is compliancy with the Americans With Disabilities Act of 1990 (download below), commonly referred to as ‘ADA.’ ADA was legislated to prevent discrimination against people with disabilities. Under ‘Title III’ of ADA, no individual may be discriminated against using a public accommodation (inns, hotels, recreation, transportation, etc.) on the basis of that individual’s disability. Municipalities everywhere acknowledge the burden of upgrading existing buildings (constructed prior to 1990) to ADA standards, so, traditionally, they widely accepted the grandfathering standard. Like everyone I know, I support ADA. However, I always thought grandfathering was a good and fair concept; evidently, those days are over, my friends. Most drive-by lawsuits are filed against ‘mom-and-pop’ business owners, who often times do not have the wherewithal to make the necessary improvements after their respective settlement.

What is the Origin of Drive-By ADA Lawsuits?

Although drive-by stories have been around since 1990, it seems that the state of California is “ground zero” to the epidemic that has become drive-by ADA lawsuits. According to a story published in the website ‘Paralyzed Veterans of America,’ “In late September 2012, California Governor Jerry Brown signed state Senate Bill 1186, to put restrictions on remedies available under  ADA lawsuits in California.  California had previously passed a state law that made every ADA violation worth $4000, plus attorney’s fees, to a complainant.  Since then, more “drive-by” lawsuits have happened in California than any other state – more than 40% of all ADA lawsuits nationally.” Businesses across the country have been slapped with thousands of drive-by lawsuits in recent years. The ADA does not currently require that individuals give the businesses notice of the alleged ADA violations before filing suit, so these lawsuits are often unexpected.

In the April 25, 2012 edition of the “ROHO” blog postby Bob Vogel, ‘ROHO Blog Post ADA Drive-By Lawsuits,’ (download below), “A handful of lawyers and people with disabilities are using the well-intentioned ADA (The Americans With Disabilities Act) accessibility laws in several states, including California and Florida, to rake in huge amounts of cash by filing hundreds, and in some cases thousands, of ADA-access lawsuits. In these states it is not uncommon to read about a single person filing more than two dozen ADA-access lawsuits a week." "There are non-disabled lawyers that see the dollar signs in this area and recruit people with disabilities to file ADA lawsuits. A website for one such attorney reads “Confined to a wheelchair in California? You may be entitled to $4,000 each time you can’t use something at a business because of your disability.” One of the examples of access violation the site provides is, a mirror in a restroom that is too high to use. If so, the site says, “You may be entitled to $4,000!” The way the law is currently written, even if a business fixes the violation right away, the person filing the suit has already been harmed by the violation and can still sue and no warning is required.”

A published story in the April 30, 2012editionof the “CaliforniaLawyer,”’ ‘Targeting ADA Violators,’ (download below), Senator Dianne Feinstein (D-CA), wants to stop “drive-by” lawsuits against business owners. “Last year, a bill that would give business owners 120 days to fix violations from the time a demand letter was received was voted down. Senate GOP leader Bob Dutton is pushing for a similar bill, reducing the time allowed to 90 days.”

What Can Nightclub and Bar Owners Do to Protect Themselves Against ADA Drive-By Lawsuits?

Where is the sanity in all of this? Better yet, where is the fairness? In Part 2 of our story (refer below), we'll discover what an attorney who defends ADA suits has to say about what nightclub and bar owners can do to protect themselves. Please don't become a victim of a senseless drive-by ADA lawsuit.


pdfAmericans with Disabilities Act of 1990
pdfROHO Blog Post ADA Drive-By Lawsuits
pdfTargeting ADA Violators

Related Posts:

Drive-By ADA Lawsuits Against Bar & Nightclub Owners, Part 2
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